Studente BERNARDI, GIADA
Facoltà/Dipartimento Dipartimento Ingegneria dell'Informazione
Corso di studio BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
Anno Accademico 2021
Data dell'esame finale 2022-07-18
Titolo italiano Alzheimer’s disease early diagnosis using convolutional neural networks from volumetric scans
Titolo inglese Alzheimer’s disease early diagnosis using convolutional neural networks from volumetric scans
Abstract in italiano Nowadays, Alzheimer’s disease is becoming a major public health issue worldwide. Thus, a higher knowledge yet early diagnosis of it may be fundamental to both slow down the development of symptoms and enable better therapeutic interventions. Clinically, neuroimaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging are available for the Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis. Through magnetic resonance imaging, volumetric scans can be obtained, helping in the detection of structural abnormalities and tracking of the evolution of brain atrophy. Deep learning algorithms for Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis applied to volumetric scans are increasingly used in medical field, but they are still not trusted by clinicians because they lack interpretability. This thesis has a dual purpose. Firstly, it has been performed a review of state-of-the-art studies which applied interpretability algorithms for Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis in order to understand the current trends. Then, it has been conducted an analysis of volumetric magnetic resonance scans by exploiting two convolutional neural networks and comparing their performance: a pre-trained 3D convolutional neural network (C3DKeras) and an end-to-end time-distributed one. To fulfil the first task, a descriptive literature review has been performed, whereas for the second one, a Python-based implementation was conducted. According to the literature outcomes, there is still uncertainty concerning the best interpretability technique to be applied for Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis, even though attribution map approaches seem to produce the most coherent interpretations. For what concerns convolutional neural networks for volumetric data processing, the end-to-end time-distributed one resulted to be the best approach because of its higher performance and lower computational cost. A future development of this thesis could be the addition of an interpretability module to the end-to-end time-distributed convolutional neural network in order to make a step forward in the direction of an interpretable Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis.
Abstract in inglese Nowadays, Alzheimer’s disease is becoming a major public health issue worldwide. Thus, a higher knowledge yet early diagnosis of it may be fundamental to both slow down the development of symptoms and enable better therapeutic interventions. Clinically, neuroimaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging are available for the Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis. Through magnetic resonance imaging, volumetric scans can be obtained, helping in the detection of structural abnormalities and tracking of the evolution of brain atrophy. Deep learning algorithms for Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis applied to volumetric scans are increasingly used in medical field, but they are still not trusted by clinicians because they lack interpretability. This thesis has a dual purpose. Firstly, it has been performed a review of state-of-the-art studies which applied interpretability algorithms for Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis in order to understand the current trends. Then, it has been conducted an analysis of volumetric magnetic resonance scans by exploiting two convolutional neural networks and comparing their performance: a pre-trained 3D convolutional neural network (C3DKeras) and an end-to-end time-distributed one. To fulfil the first task, a descriptive literature review has been performed, whereas for the second one, a Python-based implementation was conducted. According to the literature outcomes, there is still uncertainty concerning the best interpretability technique to be applied for Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis, even though attribution map approaches seem to produce the most coherent interpretations. For what concerns convolutional neural networks for volumetric data processing, the end-to-end time-distributed one resulted to be the best approach because of its higher performance and lower computational cost. A future development of this thesis could be the addition of an interpretability module to the end-to-end time-distributed convolutional neural network in order to make a step forward in the direction of an interpretable Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis.
Relatore BURATTINI, LAURA
Controrelatore SBROLLINI, AGNESE
TOMASSINI, SELENE
Appare nelle tipologie: Laurea specialistica, magistrale, ciclo unico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12075/9421